SAY TELL ASKED in Reported speech
We can use say and tell to talk about reported information:
- She said that it was snowing.
- She told me that she would call at 3pm.
You cannot use say or tell to talk about reported questions. We must use ask (or a similar verb):
- She asked if I had ever been in England.
- They asked what I wanted to buy.
- She asked where he lived.
- He asked whether she wanted to go home.
Said to someone is possible; Adam said to me that the shop was closed.
Say "to someone"
With say, it is possible sometimes to use "to someone":
- She said to me that he was tired.
- Jane said to Ram that he had done very well.
- Bill said to her, "I hope you come soon."
- "I'd like to sleep," she said to him quietly.
Right and wrong
Read these examples of correct and incorrect usage:
||Because we cannot...
|Tara told Jo to go away.
|said Jo to go away. |say someone to do something
|He said that he likes coffee.
|told that he likes coffee. |tell something
|Tookta told me that she was coming.
|told to me that she was coming. |tell to someone
|Tookta said to me that she was coming.
|Siriluck always tells lies.
|says lies. |say a lie
|Ram said to Nok: "Let's turn on the TV."
|told Nok: "Let's turn on the TV." |tell somebody "direct speech"
(except instructions and information)
|(Ram told Nok, "Turn on the TV.")
|(Ram told Nok: "I was born in 1985.")
|She asked if I wanted to come.
|said if I wanted to come. |say or tell a reported question
|Took asked what I wanted to do.
|told what I wanted to do.