reported speech

4/19/2018 9:11:27 AM
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reported speech

 

Tense Direct Speech Reported Speech
present simple I like ice cream She said (that) she liked ice cream.
present continuous I am living in London She said (that) she was living in London.
past simple I bought a car She said (that) she had bought a car OR She said (that) she bought a car.
past continuous I was walking along the street She said (that) she had been walking along the street.
present perfect I haven't seen Julie She said (that) she hadn't seen Julie.
past perfect* I had taken English lessons before She said (that) she had taken English lessons before.
will I'll see you later She said (that) she would see me later.
would* I would help, but..” She said (that) she would help but...
can I can speak perfect English She said (that) she could speak perfect English.
could* I could swim when I was four She said (that) she could swim when she was four.
shall I shall come later She said (that) she would come later.
should* I should call my mother She said (that) she should call her mother
might* I might be late She said (that) she might be late
must I must study at the weekend She said (that) she must study at the weekend OR She said she had to study at the weekend

* doesn't change.

4/19/2018 9:37:35 AM
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Re: reported speech

Here are some more examples:

Direct Question Reported Question
Where is the Post Office, please? She asked me where the Post Office was.
What are you doing? She asked me what I was doing.
Who was that fantastic man? She asked me who that fantastic man had been.
5/8/2018 12:36:53 AM
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Re: reported speech

Time Expressions with Reported Speech

Sometimes when we change direct speech into reported speech we have to change time expressions too. We don't always have to do this, however. It depends on when we heard the direct speech and when we say the reported speech.

For example:

It's Wednesday. Julie says "I'm leaving today".

If I tell someone on Wednesday, I say "Julie said she was leaving today".
If I tell someone on Thuersday, I say "Julie said she was leaving yesterday".
If I tell someone on Friday, I say "Julie said she was leaving on Wednesday".
If I tell someone a month later, I say "Julie said she was leaving that day".

 

5/8/2018 4:54:14 PM
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Re: reported speech

Some modal verbs change when they are reported.

1) Can changes to Could:

  • He can drive.
  • Mike said he could drive(reported speech)

2) May changes to Might:

  • He may drive.
  • Mike said he might drive. (reported speech)

3) Must changes to Had to:

  • He must drive.
  • Mike said he had to drive(reported speech)

4) Needn't changes to Did not need:

  • He needn't drive.
  • Mike said he didn't need to drive. (reported speech)

The contracted verb needn't is a different way of saying don't need:

  • You needn't worry! I will take care of this = You don't need to worry...
5/8/2018 5:07:58 PM
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Re: reported speech

SAY  TELL   ASKED in Reported speech
We can use say and tell to talk about reported information:

  • She said that it was snowing.
  • She told me that she would call at 3pm.

You cannot use say or tell to talk about reported questions. We must use ask (or a similar verb):

  • She asked if I had ever been in England.
  • They asked what I wanted to buy.
  • She asked where he lived.
  • He asked whether she wanted to go home.

 

 

Said to someone is possible; Adam said to me that the shop was closed.

Say "to someone"
With say, it is possible sometimes to use "to someone":

  • She said to me that he was tired.
  • Jane said to Ram that he had done very well.
  • Bill said to her, "I hope you come soon."
  • "I'd like to sleep," she said to him quietly.

 

 

 

 

 

Right and wrong
Read these examples of correct and incorrect usage:

right wrong Because we cannot...
Tara told Jo to go away. Tara said Jo to go away. say someone to do something
     
He said that he likes coffee. He told that he likes coffee. tell something
Tookta told me that she was coming. Tookta told to me that she was coming. tell to someone
Tookta said to me that she was coming.
Siriluck always tells lies. Siriluck always says lies. say a lie
Ram said to Nok: "Let's turn on the TV." Ram told Nok: "Let's turn on the TV." tell somebody "direct speech"
(except instructions and information)
(Ram told Nok, "Turn on the TV.")
(Ram told Nok: "I was born in 1985.")
She asked if I wanted to come. She said if I wanted to come. say or tell a reported question
Took asked what I wanted to do. Tookta told what I wanted to do.