conditional

4/20/2018 7:45:59 AM
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conditional

Using the Conditional  TYPE 1

The first conditional is used to talk about the possibility of something happening in the future. We use will/may/can to make the first conditional
We use the first conditional when we talk about real and possible situations.
If + subject + present tense (or present progressive) ----, subject + will/may/can + base verb ----.
If + simple present    simple future
usage for:  A possible condition and its probable result
For example:
If you don't hurry    you will miss the train.
If it rains today    you will get wet.
If it rains tomorrow, I will take my umbrella.

If you help me, we can finish earlier.

If the boys give the monkey a coin, it may dance for them.

Notice that each sentence above uses the present tense on the if side. But we could also use the present progressive if something is happening right now.

If he isn't working right now, he may want to come over for dinner.


We can also change the order of the sentence and put the if side on the second half. The only difference is that there is no comma.

I will take my umbrella if it rains tomorrow.

We can finish earlier if you help me.

The monkey may dance for the boys if they give it a coin.

He may want to come over for dinner if he isn't working right now.

4/20/2018 9:08:06 AM
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Re: conditional

 

zero conditional  (Type zero)


The zero conditional is used for scientific facts or statements that are always true.
If + present simple, .... present simple.
This conditional is used when the result will always happen.
If people eat too much, they get fat.
If you touch a fire, you get burned.
People die if they don't eat.
You get water if you mix hydrogen and oxygen.
Snakes bite if they are scared
If babies are hungry, they cry

The difference between the first and the zero conditionals. The first conditional is about a specific situation, but the zero is talking in general.

4/22/2018 7:34:32 AM
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Re: conditional

4/22/2018 8:54:48 AM
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Re: conditional

TYPE 2 conditional
If + simple past    present conditional or present continuous conditional
If this thing happened    that thing would happen. (but I'm not sure this thing will happen) OR
that thing would be happening.
Nature: unreal (impossible) or improbable situations.
Time: present; the TENSE is past, but we are talking about the present, now.
e.g. If I knew her name, I would tell you.
If I were you, I wouldn't do that.
If I had more time, I would do more on my websites.
I would visit her if I had time.